When talking of wild animals in Romania, we can refer to a chapter in which this country situates extremely well, as ecosystems here are generally considered healthy and animals are found in the most varied shapes and sizes. Perhaps that is why many foreigners choose to come hunting in this country . The variety of hunting in Romania is obviously due to the diversity of climate and vegetation zones, from steppe to alpine meadows that can be found along a single trip through the country. Although throughout history animals like aurochs, marmot, beaver or seal of the Black Sea have disappeared from the fauna of Romanian country, many others have been left.
However, some species are nowadays extremely rare. First of all, we can not talk about wild animals in Romania without mentioning the bison; although very rarely seen and only in reserves, it represents a true symbol of power, royalty and survival instinct. Being one of the largest species that lived in Romania (after the age of dinosaurs, of course), it was rarely hunted down by wolves and bears. Only people dared to attack the relative of the American bison more often, but often they ended up injured or even dead. Therefore, the bison was honored and respected by hunters. A massive specimen is bigger than its American relative, reaching almost 2 meters in height and weighing 900 kilograms. Today bisons can be seen in four reserves in the country, such as Reserve Dragos-Voda from Neamt county, but now just a few are still scared of the greatness of these animals, which seem to be just some gentle giants.
Other wildlife in Romania that can be considered symbols of survival are chamoises.
They are found in the alpine meadows and represent an older branch of the ruminants. Chamoises owe their denomination to the color they get during winter – dark brown, but also because black stripes under the eyes. In the summer they have a reddish brown color. Chamoises use their agility to escape predators, many not being able to cope with the staggering jumps from one peak to another. Sometimes, bobcats, wolves and sometimes mountain eagles (especially for goatlings) have luck in attacking these copies. But falling stones can often harm them as well. Yet chamoises survive harsh conditions using the adjustments that they possess: dense fur and hooves that seem made especially for not slipping on the rocks. However, hunting for trophies led in the end to this species to have the same fate as other wild animals in Romania, so in present chamoises are protected by law.
Romania situates well regarding the variety of birds as well, almost 400 species running through the whole territory. Most are small songbirds, aquatic birds, especially the ones in the Delta that are the ones that stand out. But not far from the cliffs where chamois climbs, there can be meet the grouse, unfortunately a species increasingly rare due to hunting. This bird is difficult to see because it avoids any contact with the man, quickly disappearing among the branches of some tree. The only period that males can be observed is the breeding period, when they make real “shows” to impress females. These birds are related to the pheasant, but unlike their more common relative, they reach larger sizes and have different colors: black with iridescent green at males an brown spotted at females. Currently hunting is forbidden in most European countries, as to not share the fate of other wild animals in Romania, such as those mentioned above.
Another representative species of the Romanian fauna is a predator, the lynx, which is found in all of Europe in the form of several species. If the Iberian lynx is almost gone, the Carpathian one, found in Romania, can still rely on a few healthy populations to survive. It is a medium sized cat, leading in general a lonely life. Wild specimens rarely exceed 30 kilograms, but in captivity they can reach up to 50 or more. They live a significant part of life in trees, where they can attack their prey more easily, jumping in its back. This method is very effective for large prey such as goats. But lynx is not picky about food, feeding on everything from rodents to birds and even young deer.
The Lynx is hunted for fur and trophies, it is now on the list with animals protected by the law.
Of course, at this list of wild animals in Romania there can be added hundreds and hundreds of species. But what can be observed even within this mini-list is that most of these species are somewhere between the stage of threatened species to the brink of disappearing completely. And how their area is reduced from one day to another, it is clear that the man should assume the responsibility for ecosystems that he has changed. In fact, one broken link in the chain is enough to break it all.